I Committed a Racial Microaggression, Now What?

An Introduction to CPR: The Racial Microaggressions Reparative Response Model


  • Jaymie Campbell
  • Shannon M. Criniti
  • Kira L. Keenan
  • Lexx Brown-James


racism, anti-racism, microaggressions, reparative response model


Researchers, educators, counselors, and other service providers use microaggression frameworks to describe the subtle, individual, verbal, and non-verbal messages that are intentionally or unintentionally communicated to marginalized individuals, such as Black, Brown, Indigenous (BBI), lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer communities (LGBQ), and transgender people. As research into the phenomenon of microaggressions continues to expand, there is a growing need for effective tools and interventions to decrease the likelihood of committing a microaggression, and foster repair to promote healing and reduce ongoing harm. The following article includes a brief review of the racial microaggressions literature, an account of ongoing barriers to reducing racial microaggressions and introduces the foundational components of a newly developed tool – a microaggression response model called “CPR: The Racial Microaggressions Reparative Response Model” (the CPR model).

Author Biographies

Jaymie Campbell

Jaymie Campbell, Ph.D., is Associate Director of Trans Health & Rights, Advocates for Youth; Board President, Therapy Center of Philadelphia. B.A., University of California, Santa Cruz; M.A., California Institute of Integral Studies; M.Ed., Widener University; Ph.D., Widener University.

Shannon M. Criniti

Shannon M. Criniti, Ph.D., MPH, is Vice President of Strategic Initiatives at AccessMatters in Philadelphia. B.A., Syracuse University; MPH Hunter College; M.Ed. and Ph.D., Widener University.

Kira L. Keenan

Kira L. Keenan, LICSW, M.Ed., is a licensed clinical social worker, sexuality educator, and program manager of the Adult Gender and Sexuality Behavioral Health Program at Lifespan in Rhode Island. B.A., Brown University; M.Ed. and M.S.W., Widener University.

Lexx Brown-James

Lexx Brown-James, Ph.D., LMFT, CSE, CSES, is Director of University of Michigan Sexual Health Certificate Program, Owner of The Institute for Sexuality & Intimacy, LLC. B.A., Emory University; M. FT Thomas Jefferson University; M.Ed., Widener University: Ph.D., Widener University.



How to Cite

Campbell, J., Criniti, S. M., Keenan, K. L., & Brown-James, L. (2024). I Committed a Racial Microaggression, Now What? An Introduction to CPR: The Racial Microaggressions Reparative Response Model. Understanding and Dismantling Privilege, 13(1), 1–21. Retrieved from https://wpcjournal.com/article/view/20342